Moses Bloom

Moses Bloom (1833 – June 14, 1893[1]) was a Jewish American politician, member of both houses of the Iowa General Assembly, and mayor of Iowa City, Iowa, United States. Various publications name him as the first Jewish mayor of a major American city.

Biography

Bloom was born in Alsace, France in 1833, and left the country in 1850. He settled in Iowa City in 1857 and opened a clothing store, thus becoming the first Jewish settler and the first long-time clothier in the city.[2] At the time, Iowa City was the capital of the recently established State of Iowa, and rapidly growing. With the major railhead soon arriving to the city, the travelers brought new business and Bloom's "One Price Clothing House" became very successful.[3] Bloom later opened two banks in the city.

Bloom's first public office was a city alderman, for which he was elected in 1860, at the age of 27. He distinguished himself as a public speaker, and was noted for his address atop a box car to men departing for Union Army service in the Civil War. In 1873, Bloom was elected mayor of Iowa City.[4] At the time, Iowa City had fewer than a dozen Jewish residents. He served as mayor for two years, until 1875.

In 1877, Moses Bloom was elected to Iowa House of Representatives.[5] There, he became influential[6] and succeeded to secure budget support for the State University of Iowa, a “permanent annual endowment” of $20,000 a year.[7][8] Bloom served two terms in the Iowa House (1877–1882), and then two terms in the Iowa Senate (1883–1888), representing Johnson County.[9] In 1879, he pragmatically turned down the Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor of Iowa (from the office establishment in 1858 and until 1892, only Republicans occupied the office).[10] He was also a Freemason.[11]

Legacy

Moses Bloom was the first Jew in the Iowa Senate.[12] According to some publications, Moses Bloom was the first Jewish mayor of a major American city, narrowly beating Bailey Gatzert, who became the mayor of Seattle in 1875.[13] This claim is a subject of dispute as smaller, predominantly Jewish communities had Jewish mayors much earlier. For example, in 1818, Solomon Cohen was elected the first Jewish mayor of a historic Georgetown, South Carolina.[14] Similarly, David Naar was elected the mayor of Elizabeth Borough, New Jersey in 1843, and is also credited with being the first Jewish mayor in the United States.[15]

The "Moses Bloom Clothing Store" located at 28–30 S. Clinton St. remains one of the key historical buildings in the downtown of Iowa City.[16] The Moses Bloom Lane in the city is also named after him.[17]

References

  1. ^ In Memoriam, in the "Transactions of the Supreme Council of the 33d and last Degree for the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States of America", Scottish Rite (Masonic order), House of the Temple, 1893.
  2. ^ Weissbach, Lee Shai (2005-05-11). Jewish life in small-town America: a history. Yale University Press. pp. 245–. ISBN 978-0-300-10671-8. 
  3. ^ Jewish Settlers in Iowa
  4. ^ A Brief History Of Agudas Achim
  5. ^ History of Johnson County, Iowa, containing a history of the county, and its townships, cities and villages from 1836 to 1882, on the archive.org.
  6. ^ Iowa: its history and its foremost citizens, Volume 2, by Johnson Brigham
  7. ^ Moses Bloom, The Iowa City Press-Citizen "Past 150 years" project.
  8. ^ IOWA, a Jewish Virtual Library website.
  9. ^ Moses Bloom, on the Iowa General Assembly website.
  10. ^ IOWA'S BOURBON POW-WOW, The New York Times, May 22, 1879.
  11. ^ In Memoriam
  12. ^ Rosenthal, Frank (1957). The Jews of Des Moines: the first century. Jewish Welfare Federation. 
  13. ^ Jewish Entrepreneurs in the Pacific Northwest: Who They Were, and How I Found Them, by Julia Niebuhr Eulenberg
  14. ^ James L. Underwood, William Lewis Burk, The dawn of religious freedom in South Carolina, Univ of South Carolina Press, 2006.
  15. ^ Lauren Pancurak Yeats, Linden, New Jersey, Arcadia Publishing, 2002.
  16. ^ IOWA CITY HISTORIC PRESERVATION PLAN
  17. ^ Iowa City, Iowa

External links