George Karpati, OC CQ FRSC (May 17, 1934 – February 6, 2009) was a Canadian neurologist and neuroscientist who was one of the leading experts on the diagnosis and treatment of neuromuscular disorders including muscular dystrophy research.

Born in Debrecen, Hungary, Karpati was a Holocaust survivor who emigrated to Canada in 1957.[1] He received an M.D. from Dalhousie University in 1960. Karpati spent 30 years in clinical practise, research and teaching of neurology.[2] He was the Izaak Walton Killam Chair and Professor of Neurology at McGill University.[1]

In 2001, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada for his "seminal contributions in the area of muscular dystrophy".[3] In 2005, he was made a Knight of the National Order of Quebec.[4] In 1999, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He was a member of the Royal Society of Canada and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.[1]

Karpati died on February 6, 2009, aged 74, and was buried in Montreal at the Baron de Hirsch Cemetery.[1]